A forex trading strategy is a technique used by a forex trader to determine whether to buy or sell a currency pair at any given time. Forex trading strategies can be based on technical analysis, chart analysis or fundamental, news-based events. The trader’s currency trading strategy is usually made up of trading signals that trigger buy or sell decisions. Forex trading strategies are available on the internet or may be developed by traders themselves.BREAKING DOWN Forex Trading Strategy
Forex trading strategies can be either manual or automated methods for generating trading signals. Manual systems involve a trader sitting in front of a computer screen, looking for trading signals and interpreting whether to buy or sell. Automated systems involve a trader developing an algorithm that finds trading signals and executes trades on its own. The latter systems take human emotion out of the equation and may improve performance.
Traders should exercise caution when purchasing off-the-shelf forex trading strategies since it is difficult to verify their track record and many successful trading systems are kept secret.Creating a Forex Trading Strategy
Many forex traders begin developing a trading strategy by starting with something simple. For example, they may notice that a specific currency pair tends to rebound from a particular support or resistance level. They may then decide to add other elements that improve the accuracy of these trading signals over time. For instance, they may require that the price rebound from a specific support level by a certain percentage or number of pips.
There are several different components to an effective forex trading strategy:
Selecting the Market: Traders must determine what currency pairs they trade and become experts at reading those currency pairs.
Position Sizing: Traders must determine how large each position is to control for the amount of risk taken in each individual trade.
Entry Points: Traders must develop rules governing when to enter a long or short position in a given currency pair.
Exit Points: Traders must develop rules telling them when to exit a long or short position, as well as when to get out of a losing position.
Trading Tactics: Traders should have set rules for how to buy and sell currency pairs, including selecting the right execution technologies.
Traders should consider developing trading systems in programs like MetaTrader that make it easy to automate rule-following. In addition, these applications let traders backtest trading strategies to see how they would have performed in the past.When Is It Time to Change Strategies?
A forex trading strategy works really well when traders follow the rules. But just like anything else, one particular strategy may not always be a one-size-fits-all approach, so what works today may not necessarily work tomorrow. If a strategy isn't proving to be profitable and isn't producing the desired results, traders may consider the following before changing a game plan:
Matching the risk management with the trading style: If the risk vs. reward ratio isn't suitable, it may be cause to change strategies.
Market conditions evolve: A trading strategy may depend on specific market trends, so if those change, a particular strategy may become obsolete. That could signal the need to make tweaks or modifications.
Comprehension: If a trader doesn't quite understand the strategy, there's a good chance it won't work. If a problem comes up or a trader doesn't know the rules, the effectiveness of the strategy is lost.
Although change can be good, changing a forex trading strategy too often can be costly. If you modify your strategy too often, you could lose out.
A forex trading strategy can be purchased off-the-shelf or developed internally. Traders developing their own trading systems should be sure to backtest them and paper trade them to ensure that they perform well before committing real capital. Traders should also be sure to paper trade any strategies to ensure that they work in real life, even if they showed signs of success in backtesting and on a theoretical level.
Compete Risk Free with $100,000 in Virtual Cash
Put your trading skills to the test with our FREE Stock Simulator. Compete with thousands of Investopedia traders and trade your way to the top! Submit trades in a virtual environment before you start risking your own money. Practice trading strategies so that when you're ready to enter the real market, you've had the practice you need.
50-Pips a Day Forex Strategy
This strategy leverages early market moves of certain highly liquid currency pairs. The GBPUSD and EURUSD currency pairs are some of the best currencies to trade using this particular strategy. After the 7am GMT candlestick closes, traders place two positions or two opposite pending orders. When one of them gets activated by price movements, the other position is automatically cancelled. The profit target is set at 50 pips, and the stop-loss order is placed anywhere between 5 and 10 pips above or below the 7am GMT candlestick, after its formation. This is implemented to manage risk. After these conditions are set, it is now up to the market to take over the rest. Day Trading and Scalping are both short-term trading strategies. However, remember that shorter term implies greater risk, so it is essential to ensure effective risk management.Forex Daily Charts Strategy
The best forex traders swear by daily charts over more short-term strategies. Compared to the forex 1-hour trading strategy, or even those with lower time-frames, there is less market noise involved with daily charts. Such charts can give you over 100 pips a day due to their longer timeframe, which has the potential to result in some of the best forex trades. The trade signals are more reliable, and the potential for profit is much greater. Traders also don't need to be concerned about daily news and random price fluctuations. The method is based on 3 main principles:
Locating the trend: Markets trend and consolidate, and this process repeats in cycles. The first principle of this style is to find the long drawn out moves within the forex markets. One way to identify forex trends is by studying 180 periods worth of forex data. Identifying the swing highs and lows will be the next step. By referencing this price data on the current charts, you will be able to identify the market direction.
Stay focused: This requires patience, and you will have to get rid of the urge to get into the market right away. You need to stay out and preserve your capital for a bigger opportunity.
Less leverage and larger stop losses: Be aware of the large intraday swings in the market. Using larger stops, however, doesn't mean putting large amounts of capital at risk.
While there are plenty of trading strategy guides available for professional FX traders, the best forex strategy for consistent profits can only be achieved through extensive practice. Here are some more strategies that you can try:Forex 1-Hour Trading Strategy
You can take advantage of the 60-minute time frame in this strategy. The easiest currency pairs to trade using this strategy are the EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, and the AUD/USD. You would need a 100-pip momentum indicator and indicator arrows; both of which are available on MetaTrader 5.
Buy Trade Rules:
You can enter a long position when both of these conditions are met:
The 100 pips Momentum indicator triggers a buy signal when its blue line crosses the red line from below.
The Indicator arrow gives a green arrow signal.
In this case, you can place the stop-loss below the red indicator line or the most recent support line. You can either close the trade after 30-pips, or you can also take profit when the indicator arrows give a red arrow signal.Sell Trade Rules:
You can enter a short position when the following conditions are met:
The 100 pips Momentum indicator triggers a sell signal when its blue line crosses the red line from above.
The indicator arrows give a red arrow signal.
Place the stop-loss above the red-indicator line, or the most recent resistance line. Close the trade after 30-pips, or when the indicator arrows give a green arrow signal.
Forex Weekly Trading Strategy
While many forex traders prefer intraday trading, because market volatility provides more opportunities for profits in narrower time-frames, forex weekly trading strategies can provide more flexibility and stability. A weekly candlestick provides extensive market information. It contains five daily candlesticks, and changes which reflect the actual market trends. Weekly forex trading strategies are based on lower position sizes and avoiding excessive risks. For this strategy, we will use the Exponential Moving Average (EMA) indicator. The previous week's last daily candlestick has to be closed at a level above the EMA value. Now we have to look for the moment when the previous week's maximum level was broken. Next, a buy stop order is placed on the H4 closed candlestick, at the price level of the broken level. The stop loss has to be placed at the nearest minimum point, somewhere between 50 and 105 pips. The previous extreme value is taken for calculations if the nearest minimum point is closer than 50 pips. Here the last week's movement range is taken as the profit range.
The Role of Price Action Trading in Forex Strategies
To what extent fundamentals are used varies from trader to trader. At the same time, the best FX strategies invariably utilize action. This is also known as technical analysis. When it comes to technical currency trading strategies, there are two main styles: trend following, and counter-trend trading. Both of these FX trading strategies try to profit by recognising and exploiting price patterns. When it comes to price patterns, the most important concepts include ones such as support and resistance. Put simply, these terms represent the tendency of a market to bounce back from previous lows and highs. Support is the market's tendency to rise from a previously established low. Resistance is the market's tendency to fall from a previously established high. This occurs because market participants tend to judge subsequent prices against recent highs and lows.
What happens when the market approaches recent lows? Put simply, buyers will be attracted to what they regard as cheap. What happens when the market approaches recent highs? Sellers will be attracted to what they view as either expensive, or a good place to lock in a profit. Therefore, recent highs and lows are the yardstick by which current prices are evaluated. There is also a self-fulfilling aspect to support and resistance levels. This happens because market participants anticipate certain price action at these points and act accordingly. As a result, their actions can contribute to the market behaving as they had expected.However, it's worth noting these three things:
Support and resistance levels do not present ironclad rules, they are simply a common consequence of the natural behaviour of market participants.
Trend-following systems aim to profit from the times when support and resistance levels break down.
Counter-trending styles of trading are the opposite of trend following—they aim to sell when there's a new high, and buy when there's a new low.
Trend-Following Forex Strategies
Sometimes a market breaks out of a range, moving below the support or above the resistance to start a trend. How does this happen? When support breaks down and a market moves to new lows, buyers begin to hold off. This is because buyers are constantly noticing cheaper prices being established and want to wait for a bottom to be reached. At the same time, there will be traders who are selling in panic or simply being forced out of their positions. The trend continues until the selling is depleted and belief starts to return to buyers when it is established that the prices will not decline further. Trend-following strategies encourage traders to buy on the markets once they have broken through resistance and sell markets, and when they have fallen through support levels. In addition, trends can be dramatic and prolonged, too. Because of the magnitude of moves involved, this type of system has the potential to be the most successful Forex trading strategy. Trend-following systems use indicators to inform traders when a new trend may have begun, but there's no sure-fire way to know of course.Here's the good news:
If the indicator can establish a time when there's an improved chance that a trend has begun, you are tilting the odds in your favour. The indication that a trend might be forming is called a breakout. A breakout is when the price moves beyond the highest high or the lowest low for a specified number of days. For example, a 20-day breakout to the upside is when the price goes above the highest high of the last 20 days. Trend-following systems require a particular mindset, because of the long duration—during which time profits can disappear as the market swings—these trades can be more psychologically demanding.
When markets are volatile, trends will tend to be more disguised and price swings will be greater. Therefore, a trend-following system is the best trading strategy for Forex markets that are quiet and trending. A good example of a simple trend-following strategy is a Donchian Trend system. Donchian channels were invented by futures trader Richard Donchian, and are indicators of trends being established. The Donchian channel parameters can be tweaked as you see fit, but for this example we will look at a 20-day breakout.
Basically, a Donchian channel breakout suggests one of two things:
Buying if the price of a market goes above the high of the prior 20 days
Selling if the price goes below the low of the prior 20 days.
But there's more!There is an additional rule for trading when the market state is more favourable to the system. This rule is designed to filter out breakouts that go against the long-term trend. In short, you look at the 25-day moving average (MA) and the 300-day moving average. The direction of the shorter moving average determines the direction that is permitted. This rule states that you can only go: Short if the 25-day moving average is lower than the 300-day moving average OR
Long if the 25-day moving average is higher than the 300-day moving average
Trades are exited in a similar way to entry, but only using a 10-day breakout. This means that if you open a long position and the market goes below the low of the prior 10 days, you might want to sell to exit the trade—and vice versa.4-Hour Forex Trading Strategy
One potentially beneficial and profitable Forex trading strategy is the 4-hour trend following strategy. However, the 4-hour timeframe makes it more suitable for swing traders. This strategy uses a 4-hour base chart to screen for potential trading signal locations. The 1-hour chart is used as the signal chart, to determine where the actual positions will be taken. Always remember that the time-frame for the signal chart should be at least an hour lower than the base chart. Two sets of MA lines will be chosen. One will be the 34-period MA, while the other is the 55-period MA. To ascertain whether a trend is worth trading, the MA lines will need to relate to the price action.
In case of an uptrend, the conditions that will be fulfilled include:
The price will remain above the MA lines
The 34-MA line will remain above the 55-MA line and continue to do so
The MA lines will slope upwards for a maximum duration during an uptrend
In case of a downtrend, the following conditions will be fulfilled:
Price action will remain below the two MA lines
The 34-MA line will remain below the 55-MA line and continue to do so
The MA lines will slope downwards for a maximum duration
The MA lines will be a support zone during uptrends, and there will be resistance zones during downtrends. It is inside and around this zone that the best positions for the trend trading strategy can be found. Learn to trade step-by-step with our brand new educational course, Forex 101, featuring key insights from professional industry experts.
Discovering the Best FX Strategy for You
Many types of technical indicators have been developed over the years. The great leaps made forward with online trading technologies have made it much more accessible for individuals to construct their own indicators and systems. You can read more about technical indicators by checking out our education section or through the trading platforms we offer. The best forex trading strategies for beginners are the simple, well-established strategies that have worked for a huge list of successful forex traders already. Through trial and error you should be able to learn Forex trading strategies that best suit your own style. Go ahead and try out your strategies risk-free with our demo trading account.